The American state was fundamentally shaped by its genocidal confrontation with the continent’s first inhabitants. Yet scholars of American political development (APD) have only recently begun to grapple with the enduring legacies of the federal government’s policies of dispossession and extermination. As part of a series of discussions sponsored by the Infrastructures of American Hegemony project at the Neubauer Collegium, roundtable participants will discuss what engagement with indigenous politics reveals about the “storybook truths” central to the American experience and what it can teach us about the ideas, arguments, and core concepts that animate the study of APD. How can we better understand the United States’ territorial expansion and rise to global power? What lessons are to be found in the experiences of other settler states?